J2 topic

Strata Chart draft in 2005

2005  – M. Happanen

The home for this page is J2


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horizon

horizon

phase

sub-phase

sr

sub-sr

definition

Mes.

Syr.

Urkesh

7

modern

1

German trenches;

2

sod layer; top soil

3

disturbed upper layer

4

5

Mittani/Early Middle Babylonian/Assyrian

OJ III

Saustatar (?)

1450 (?)

6

Urkesh as small religious center

6b
full bowl effect and gradual disappearance of wall and aprons

10

11

scattered occupation

a

rolling of stones

b

tannurs

c

natural layers

12

hardening of surface and reduced sacral use

a

accumulations on top of s12b (soft brown) and rolling stones

b

hardening of top surface (hard grey with pebbles, sand, and many sherds

c

Area no longer in active use, gradual build-up

adding large flat stone (f154)

Parattarna I (?)

1500 (?)

6a
whole staircase visible

13

regular sacral use (?)

a

bricky build-up in the south, raising of f232 with f144 but no use of the area not intense

14

a

active use of the area in front of the steps, building of f232 in order to contain bricky material accumulating to the south

b

use of the area in front of the steps prior to the construction of f232, area in k14 gradually building up both to the north and south of f224 after f224 was constructed on top of f288

15

a

Cut into 3rd millennium levels in k14 and building of f288, associated build-up

b

Use of area in front of the apron prior to the construction of any screen walls. A sloping floor surface also in k14, which seems to predate the building of f288. Plaster floor in front of the apron steps in k4

a-b

Building of second apron f132

?

1 and earlier

Urkesh as major religious center

90

Use of Temple and the Monumental Structure in J2 in the 3rd millennium

a

Sloping 3rd millennium use deposits in k104 and k14

91

Construction and use of Additional 3rd millennium stuctures

b

Building of frame walls f127

c

Building of Apron f131

92

Construction of Terrace

a

Pebble floors in k100 associated with the lowest three steps

b

Building of steps

c

Building of terrace wall

Mittani strata definition for area J2

(number correlations to AA are purely indicative)

J2sB (P915mH, version 2)