File: /MZ/A/J03/D/K/0104.HTM
Processed on 05-22-2018
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Description 2005-8-24rE 2m by 2m column for typological sampling centered along the north edge of monumental wall, f11. [Input file: Q413JW.J / Q413JW.-J]

Recovery/Assignment and the Record
Daily 2005-8-24jW The surveyor laid out and measured the locus, a 2m by 2m square in the far south edge of k12. We began removing the bakhia terrace, f50, then a softer, brown fill underneath, f57. [Input file: P824JW2.J / P824JW2.-J]
2005-8-25jW During the first pick run of the day in accumulation, f57, encountered another sloping layer of bakhia, similar to f50. Designated it f58, and began carefully following it from the N, down toward the monumental wall, f11. [Input file: P825JW.J / P825JW.-J]
2005-8-27jW We continued to excavate the accumulation, f57, under the layer of bakhia, f50, which forms the ancient top of the terrace. Near the end of the day we encountered another layer of bakhia, f58, under f57. [Input file: P827JW.J / P827JW.-J]
2005-8-28jW Excavated the last portion of the bakhia packing, f58. Below, we found a brown layer of fill containing ash (most in the NE corner) and deterioriated brick chunks (most along the south edge). Discovered human remains, f60, and a tiny bead, i7, in the NE corner of k104, buried in fill, f59, under the second layer of bakhia, f58. [Input file: P828JW.J / P828JW.-J]
2005-8-31jW gM and Zuzan are continuing to prepare the body, a1, for a registered photograph, v24, which will be used as a template for a Freehand drawing of the burial. Designated the ashy material in the NW corner as a lens, f64. Took relays and photographed f64 in relationship to the burial a1, v25. Noticed cracks developing in the E and N baulks. The N baulk looks like it might release several liters of accumulation and packing to the surface below if not excavated properly. [Input file: P831JW.J / P831JW.-J]
2005-9-1jW vS, gM and Zuzan excavated the skeleton, f60, and also removed a stone tool, i10 that was located under the hips and was undoubtedly a grave good. Zuzan, removed the bones of the animal, f61, and traced the ashy lens, f64, to the east to determine its extent and relationship, if any to the soil, f65, which surrounds the burial, a1. [Input file: P901JW.J / P901JW.-J]
2005-9-3jW While photographing, v27, and removing the stones in the south half of the locus, we better defined the interface between the ashy lens, f64 and the red accumulation, f65, to the north in the NE corner. The red accumulation appears as a small wedge, surrounded to the south and west by the ash deposit which covers the N half of the locus, v28. After the k101 stones were removed and safety ropes installed on the f10 stones, we began to excavate in the south half of this locus, extending the southern boundary of the western half to the monumental wall, f11. At the suggestion of gB, we designated this modified locus k105. [Input file: P903JW.J / P903JW.-J]
2005-9-5jW Continued to excavate this small locus on the north side of the monumental wall, f11. The components remained the same for the entire day - a fill of mixed materials including ash, soil, and chunks of deteriorated brick, which, in the direct vicinity of the wall, transitions to a vertical layer of bakhia, which in turn was used to seal the "inside" face of the wall against the intrusion of water. [Input file: P905JW.J / P905JW.-J]
2005-9-6jW We cleaned all sections in k104 and 105 to prepare for final photography and the drawing of sections. [Input file: P906JW.J / P906JW.-J]
2005-9-11jW Student Zuzan began to draw the north section of the locus. [Input file: P911JW.J / P911JW.-J]
Strategy 2005-9-1jW gB, faB, and jW met to evaluate the impact of the cracks we see in the east part of the north baulk and the delay occasioned by the careful excavation of the burial, a1, on our plans to excavate a full 2m by 2m locus behind the monumental wall, f11. We decided that it was important to reach the north face of f11 and to excavate at least another meter deeper. gB, faB, and jW suggested that we reduce the excavation area to one that encompasses the south half of the locus. To excavate safely in this confined space, we must remove three large stones that overhang the locus on its south baulk and which are a part of the last phase of f11. Therefore we will photograph, relay, draw, and remove these stones, f66, f67, f68. In addition we will restrain with rope the stones that form the west boundary of the wall apron, f10. [Input file: P901JW.J / P901JW.-J]

Volumetric localization
Space definition 2005-8-24rE m4173 [Input file: Q413JW.J / Q413JW.-J]
Size of sides 2005-8-24rE 200 cms North, 200 cms East [Input file: Q413JW.J / Q413JW.-J]

Time sequencing
Notes on time sequencing 2005-8-24jW This locus is the second phase of the typological analysis column begun at the surface in k102, the north baulk of k12. Excavation of the first phase was halted when we reached a layer of compacted local virgin soil, bakhia, f50, which formed the sloping surface of a terrace which led upward from the monumantal wall, f11, to the temple at the top of the mound. We resumed digging the column into f50, which sealed well the layers below, after moving it southward along that surface to the face of the wall, and changing the dimensions from 1m by 4m to 2m by 2m. This way we get both the information about changes in the ceramics over time and data about how the wall was built with one small trench cut into the terrace surface. [Input file: P824JW2.J / P824JW2.-J]

Notes on typology 2005-9-9jW During visits by the directors of excavations of Tell Beidar and Tell Hammukar, they mentioned that the pottery from a number of features in the typological column was earlier than we had previously believed. In particular they opined that the bulk of the sherds found were from the Late Chalcolithic III period. These were mixed with a few Ninevite V and Early Dynastic III sherds. The implication of this is that the fill behind the wall was taken from a place on or near the tell that was occupied much earlier than the temple mound. mKB will prepare a detailed analysis for the Global Record. [Input file: P909JW.J / P909JW.-J]

Analogical record
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