STUDIES \ BIBLIOGRAPHY \ References \ 911c
kept current by G. Buccellati

Bibliography about Urkesh and the Hurrians

     Authors are listed alphabetically, and under each author's name the titles are listed chronologically.

     Where a full digital version is available online, a reference to the proper link is given.

     For publications which deal more extensively, as a whole or in part, with Urkesh, our website provides an abstract. For some others, a brief précis (in smaller type) or a direct quote from the publication itself is given below the title, occasionally followed (in square brackets) by a comment.

     Go to the following letter:
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Astour, Michael C.
2002 "A Reconstruction of the History of Ebla (Part 2)"
Eblaitica; Essays on the Ebla Archives and Eblaite Language, 4, 57-195
See abstract

Back to top

Barrelet, M.J.
1977 "Le 'Cas' hurrite et la pratique archeologique," in
Methodologie et critique,I: problemes concernent les Hurrites, Paris, pp. 1-20.
1978 "Le 'cas hurrite' et l'archeologie,"
RHA 36, pp. 23-34.

Back to top

Berlyn, Patricia
2005 "The Journey of Terah: To Ur-Kasdim or Urkesh? " in
Jewsih Bible Quarterly 33/2, pp. 73-80.
See abstract

Back to top

Bianchi, Alice and Anne Wissing
2009 Die Kleinfunde
Mit einem Beitrag von Jacques Chabot und Patrick Eid

Studien zur Urbanisierung Nordmesopotamiens.
Ausgrabungen 1998-2201 in der zentralen Oberstadt con Tall Mozan/Urkeš.

Serie A, Band 2.
Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. Pp. XX-858, Plates 175

Back to top


Bonetti, Sophie (ed.)
2001 Gli Opifici di Urkesh.
Papers read at the Round Table in Florence, Novembre 1999.

Urkesh/Mozan Studies 4
Bibliotheca Mesopotamica 27, Malibu: Undena Publications.
Published jointly with the Opificio delle Pietre Dure, Florence.
See summary
See full text

Back to top


Bonetti, Sophie and Buccellati, Giorgio
2003 "Conservation at the Core of Archaeological Strategy: The Case of Ancient Urkesh at Tell Mozan"
Conservation
The Getty Conservation Institute Newsletter 18
See full text
See on-line article version

Back to top


Buccellati, Giorgio and Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati
1988 Mozan 1. The Soundings of the First Two Seasons
Bibliotheca Mesopotamica 20, Malibu.
See summary
See full text
1990 "Tell Mozan,"
Syrian Archaeology Bulletin 2, pp. 4-7.
1990 "Tell Mozan,"
Mille et une capitales de Haute-Mésopotamie. Les dossiers d'Archéologie, No. 155, 18-23.
1991 "Mozan"
American Journal of Archaeology 95, 712-714.
1994 "Mozan"
American Journal of Archaeology 98, 131-133.
1995 "Mozan, Tall,"
Reallexikon der Assyriologie 8 (5/6), 386-393.
See full text
1995 "The Identification of Urkesh with Tell Mozan (Syria),"
Orient-Express 1995/3, cover page and pp. 67-70.
1996 "The Royal Storehouse of Urkesh: The Glyptic Evidence from the Southwestern Wing,"
Archiv für Orientforschung 42-43 (1995-96), 1-32.
See full text
1996 "The Seals of the King of Urkesh: Evidence from the Western Wing of the Royal Storehouse AK,"
Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes 86, 65-100, Pl. 1-7.
See full text
1996 "Una manciata di secoli,"
Bollettino dell'Associazione Archeologica Ticinese 6 (1996) 16-23
See full text
1996 "Evidence for a Royal Palace at Tell Mozan/Urkesh,"
Orient-Express 1996/3, 72-76
1997 "Mozan, Tell,"
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, Vol. 4, New York – Oxford: 60-64.
See full text.
1997 "Urkesh. The First Hurrian Capital,"
Biblical Archaeologist 60: 77-96
See full text
1997 "The Seventh Season of Excavations at Tell Mozan, 1992,"
Chronique Archéologique en Syrie 1, 79-84
1998 "The Courtiers of the Queen of Urkesh: Glyptic Evidence from the Western Wing of the Royal Storehouse AK,"
Subartu 4/2, 195-216
1998 Urkesh and the Hurrians. A volume in Honor of Lloyd Cotsen.
Urkesh/Mozan Studies, 3. Bibliotheca Mesopotamic 26. Malibu: Undena Publications. (Contributions by F.A. Buccellati, G. Buccellati, R. Hauser, H. Hoffner, V. Ivanov, M. Kelly-Buccellati, M. Salvini, P. Steinkeller, G. Wilhelm)
See summary
See full text
1999 "Das archäologische Projekt Tall Mozan/Urkeš,"
Mitteilungen der deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 131, 7-16
See full text
2000 "The Royal Palace of Urkesh. Report on the 12th Season at Tell Mozan/Urkesh: Excavations in Area AA, June–October 1999,"
Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 132, pp. 133-183
See full text
2001 "In Search of Hurrian Urkesh," in
Archaeology Odyssey 4, 16-27
See full text
2001 "Überlegungen zur funktionellen und historischen Bestimmung des Königspalastes AP in Urkesch. Bericht über die 13. Kampagne in Tall Mozan/Urkesch: Ausgrabungen im Gebiet AA, Juni-August 2000,"
Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 133, pp. 59-96
See full text German English
2001 "The Royal Palace at Urkesh and the Daughter of Naram-Sin,"
Ministère de la Culture
Direction Générale des Antiqués et des Musées
Les Annales Archéologiques Arabes Syriennes: Revue D'Archéologie et D'Histoire, Vol. XLIV, 2001, pp. 63-69
See full text
2002 "Die Große Schnittstelle. Bericht über die 14. Kampagne in Tall Mozan/Urkeš: Ausgrabungen im Gebiet AA, Juni-Oktober 2001,"
Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 134, pp. 103-130
See full text
2002 "Mozan/Urkesh: A New Capital in the Northern Djezireh,"
M. Al-Maqdissi, M.A. Karim, A. Al-Azm, M.D. Al-Khoury (eds.)
The Syrian Jezira: Cultural Heritage and Interrelations. Proceedings of the International Conference held in Deir ez-Zor April 22nd-25th, 1996, pp.127-133
See full text
2002 "Tar’am-Agade, Daughter of Naram-Sin, at Urkesh,"
L. al Gailani Werr, J. Curtis, H. Martin, A. McMahon, J. Oates and J. Reade (eds.),
Of Pots and Plans. Papers on the Archaeology and History of Mesopotamia and Syria presented to David Oates in Honour of his 75th Birthday.
London: Nabu Publications, pp. 11-31.
See full text
2003 "Tell Mozan (Ancient Urkesh),"
J. Aruz (ed.),
Art of the First Cities. The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus.
New York and New Haven, pp. 224-227.
See full text
2004 "Der monumentale Palasthof von Tall Mozan/Urkeš und die stratigraphische Geschichte des ābi,"
Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 136, pp. 13-39
See full text
2007 "Urkesh and the Question of the Hurrian Homeland"
Bulletin of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences 175, no.2, pp. 141-150
See full text
2007 "Between Heaven and Hell in Ancient Urkesh"
Backdirt 175,pp. 68-73
See full text
in press "Preliminary Report on the 12th Season of Excavations at Tell Mozan/Urkesh (June-October 1999),"
Chronique Archéologique de Syrie (submitted 2000)
in press "The Monumental Palace Courtyard and the Stratigraphic History of the ābi,"
Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft (submitted 2003)

Back to top


Buccellati, Federico
1998 "3-D Rendering and Animation at Tell Mozan/Urkesh," in
Urkesh and the Hurrians (cited), 51-62
See full text
2001 "Digital Photography and Architectural Modeling as Elements of Conservation," in
Bonetti, Opifici (cited), 82-88
See full text

Back to top

Buccellati, Giorgio
1990 " 'River Bank,' 'High Country' and 'Pasture Land': The Growth of Nomadism on the Middle Euphrates and the Khabur,"
in S. Eichler, M. Wäfler, D. Warburton (eds.), Tell al-Hamidiyah 2
Göttingen: Vandenhoek & Ruprecht, pp. 87-117.
See full text
cited
1998 "Urkesh as Tell Mozan: Profiles of the Ancient City," in
Urkesh and the Hurrians (cited), 11-34
See full text
1999 "The Royal Storehouse of Urkesh," in M. Fortin,
Syria, Land of Civilizations, Quebec: Musée de la Civilization, p. 170
1999 "Urkesh and the Question of Early Hurrian Urbanism," in M. Hudson and B. A. Levine, eds.,
Urbanization and Land Ownership in the Ancient Near East,
Peabody Museum Bulletin 7, Cambridge: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography/Harvard University, pp. 229-250
See full text
See full text
2000 "Urkesh: archeologia, conservazione e restauro,"
Kermes 13, 41-48
See full text
2002 "Beyond Clay and Beyond Paper,"
Backdirt Fall 2002 / Winter 2003, 4-5
See full text
2003 "A Lu E School Tablet from the Service Quarter of the Royal Palace AP at Urkesh,"
JCS 55, 45-48
See full text
2004 "ANONYMUS (Ed.): La civiltà dei Hurriti. La parola del passato. Rivista di studi antichi, Vol. 55 Napoli: Gaetano Macchiaroli, 2000, pp. 42,"
Die Welt des Orients, pp. 209-214
See full text
2004 "Conservation qua Archaeology at Tell Mozan/Urkesh"
in N. Agnew and J. Bridgland (eds.), Of the Past, for the Future: Integrating Archaeology and Conservation, Proceedings of the Conservation Theme at the 5th World Archaeological Congress, Washington D.C. 22-26 June 2003,, Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute, pp. 73-81
See full text
2005 "The Monumental Urban Complex at Urkesh"
Studies on the Civilization and Culture of the Nuzi and the Hurrians 15, General Studies and Excavations at Nuzi 11/1, pp. 3-28
See full text
2005 "The Perception of Function and the Prehistory of the State in Syro-Mesopotamia"
Archaeology Without Limits pp. 481-492
See full text
2006 "Conservation qua Archaeology at Tell Mozan/Urkesh”"
Of the Past, for the Future: Integrating Archaeology and Conservation, Proceedings of the Conservation Theme at the 5th World Archaeological Congress, Washington D.C. 22-26 June 2003, Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute, pp. 73-81
See full text
2006 "Presentation and Interpretation of Archaeological Sites: the Case of Tell Mozan, Ancient Urkesh,"
Of the Past, for the Future: Integrating Archaeology and Conservation, Proceedings of the Conservation Theme at the 5th World Archaeological Congress, Washington D.C. 22-26 June 2003,, Los Angeles: The Getty Conservation Institute, pp. 152-156
See full text
2006 "An Archaeologist on Mars"
Confronting the Past, Winona Lake, pp. 17-21
See full text
2006 "Gilgamesh at Urkesh? Literary Motifs and Iconographic Identification"
Les Espaces Syro-Mésopotamiens 17
See full text
2009 "An Architectural 'Logogram' at Urkesh?"
in P. Negri Scafa and S. Viaggio (eds.), Dallo Stirone al Tigri. Dal Tevere all'Eufrate. Studi in onore di Claudio Saporetti.
Roma: Aracne, 23-29.
See full text
in press "The Royal Palace of Urkesh: A Browser Edition,"
Y. Montchambert et al (eds.), still untitled volume (submitted 2003)
in press "Conservation qua Archaeology,"
N. Agnew (ed.), still untitled volume (submitted 2004)
in press "Conservation and presentation of Archaeological Sites: The case of Mozan,"
N. Agnew (ed.), still untitled volume (submitted 2004)

Back to top


Canby, Jeanny Vorys
2003 "A Figurine From Urkesh: A 'Darling' From Troy to Mesopotamia."
Iraq 65, 171-173
See full text

Back to top
Catagnoti, Amalia
1998 "The III Millennium Personal Names from the Habur Triangle in the Ebla, Brak and Mozan Texts"
in Subartu IV,1 (1998), pp. 41-66.
     The list includes a detailed analysis of most names, and concludes that there was major break in the onomastic tradition of the region between ED III and the classic Sargonic period (Naram-Sin and Šar-kali-šarri). In the first period, there is a local Semitic tradition that is the most important one, followed by a common Semitic tradition (Ebla, Mari and Kish), and a minor Hurrian one. In the second period (that includes Urkesh), the local Semitic tradition is replaced by a "colonial" Old Akkadian tradition (as known also from the Diyala, Kish and Gashur), while the other two continue as in the earlier period.  – [gB]

Back to top
Caubet, Annie and Patrick Pouyssegur
1997 The Origins of Civilization. The Ancient Near East.
Paris: Finest/Terrail, 1998 (original French edition: 1997).
See abstract

Back to top
Christie, Agatha
1977 Come, Tell Me How You Live
(New York; first published in 1946).

Back to top

Collins, Billie Jean
2004 "A Channel to the Underworld in Syria"
Near Eastern Archaeology 67: 1, 54-56
See full text

Back to top
Crawford, V.E. et al.
1966 The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide to the Collections, Ancient Near Eastern Art, New York.

Back to top

Dalley, Stephanie
2001 "Old Babylonian Tablets from Nineveh, and Possible Pieces of Early Gilgamesh Epic,"
Iraq 63, 155-167
See abstract

Back to top
Dercksen, J.G.
2008 Anatolia and the Jazira During the Old Assyrian Period
Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten.

Back to top

Dilleman, L.
1962 Haute Mesopotamie orientale et pays adjacent,
BAH 72, Paris.

Back to top

Dohmann-Pfälzner, Heike and Peter Pfälzner
1999 "Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in Tall Mozan/Urkeš. Bericht über die Vorkampagne 1998,"
MDOG 131, pp. 17-46

Back to top
2000 "Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in der zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš. Bericht über die in Kooperation mit dem IIMAS durchgeführte Kampagne 1999,"
MDOG 132, pp. 185-228

Back to top
2001 "Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in der zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš. Bericht über die in Kooperation mit dem IIMAS durchgeführte Kampagne 2000,"
MDOG 133, pp. 97-140

Back to top
2002 "Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft in der zentralen Oberstadt von Tall Mozan/Urkeš. Bericht über die in Kooperation mit dem IIMAS durchgeführte Kampagne 2001,"
MDOG 134

Back to top

Dolce, Rita
1999 "Political Supremacy and Cultural Supremacy. A Hypothesis of Symmetrical Alternations between Upper Mesopotamia and Northern Syria in the Fourth and Third Millenia BC,"
in L. Milano, S. de Martino, F.M. Fales, G.B. Lanfranchi (eds.)
Landscapes, Territories, Frontiers and Horizons in the Ancient Near East.
Papers presented to the XLIV Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Venezia 7-11 July 1997.
Vol. 2. Geography and Cultural Landscapes
History of the Ancient Near East / Monographs.
Padova 199, pp.103-121.
See abstract

Back to top

Edzard, D.O. and G. Farber
1974 Repertoire geographique des Textes Cuneiformes: Die Orts- und Gewassernames der Zeit der 3. Dynastie von Ur, Wiesbaden.
Back to top

Edzard, D.O., G. Farber and E. Sollberger
1977 Repertoire géographique des Textes Cuneiformes: Die Orts- und Gewassernames der prasargonischen und sargonischen Zeit, Wiesbaden.

Back to top

Edzard, D.O. and A. Kammenhuber
1972-1975 "Hurriter, Hurritisch,"
RLA 4, pp. 507-14.
Back to top

Ellis, Richard
1968 Foundation Deposits in Ancient Mesopotamia, New Haven.

Back to top

Faivre, Xavier and Christophe Nicolle
2007 "La Jézireh au Bronze moyen et la céramique du Khabur"
in Michel al-Maqdissi, Valérie Matoïan and Christophe Nicolle, Céramique de l'âge du Bronze en Syrie, Beyrouth, Institut Français du Proche-Orient, vol. II, pp. 179-229

     By necessity this study (published in 2007, but submitted several years earlier), does not include substantial references to Tell Mozan other than in passing – e.g., on p. 194 it is indicated that "Khabur ware" ceramics is found in the house of Puššam [Unit C2], ignoring the even larger amount found in Area AA. The authors deal with, and reject, the Hurrian hypothesis for the origin of the Khabur ware: on p. 194, they refer to the "Hurrianizing" kingdom of Tell Mozan (!), and on p. 179, n. 5, the ystate that the definition of Hurrian ethnicity is based on onomastics, not on material culture. – [gB]
Back to top

Gadd, C.J.
1940 "Tablets from Chagar Bazar and Tall Brak, 1937-38,"
Iraq 7, 22 ff.

Back to top

Gelb, I.J.
1944 Hurrians and Subarians, Chicago.
1956 "New Light on Hurrians and Subarians," in
Studi orientalistici in onore di Giorgio Levi della Vida, Rome, pp. 378-92.

Back to top

Giorgeri, M.
2000 "Schizzo grammaticale della lingua Hurrica,"
La civilità dei Hurriti = La parola del passato 55, pp. 171-277.

Back to top

Goetze, Albrecht
1953 "An Old Babylonian Itinerary,"
JCS 7, pp. 51-71.
Back to top

Güterbock, Hans G.
1951-52 "The Song of Ullikummi: Revised Text of the Hittite Version of a Hurrian Myth,"
JCS 5 (1951) pp. 135-161; 6 (1952) pp. 8-42.
1954-55 "The Hurrian Element in the Hittite Empire,"
CHM 2/2, pp. 383-94.
1965 "A Votive Sword with Old Assyrian Inscription,"
Assyriological Studies 16 (Chicago), 197-198.
Back to top

Hallo, W.W.
1962 "The Royal Inscriptions of Ur: A Typology,"
HUCA 33, pp.1-43.
1964 "The Road to Emar,"
JCS 18, pp. 57-88
1978 "Simurrum and the Hurrian Frontier,"
RHA 36, pp. 71-83.
Back to top

Hauser, Rick
1997 "The Figurines of Urkesh,"
Biblical Archaeologist 60: 87
1998 Unwrapping Urkesh
A film produced for the Radio-Televisione della Svizzera Italiana, with L. Fedele, G. Buccellati and M. Kelly-Buccellati
1998 "The Equids of Urkesh: What the Figurines Say,"
in Urkesh and the Hurrians, 63-74
See full text
2007 "Reading Figurines. Animal Representations in Terra Cotta from Royal Building AK"
Urkesh/Mozan Studies 5 = Bibliotheca Mesopotamica 28, Malibu: Undena Publications (actually published in 2008).
See full text
in prepar. Figurines from the Service Wing AK of the Royal Palace
to appear in Urkesh Typological Record
Back to top

Hawkins, David
2007 Hurrian
in Postgate, Languages of Iraq, pp. 73-84
See abstract

Back to top
Hijara, Ismail
in press Prehistoric Pottery from the Surface Collection of the 1985 Regional Survey
to appear in Urkesh/Mozan Studies

Back to top


Hrouda, B.
1958 "Wassukanni, Urkis, Subat-Enlil,"
MDOG 90 pp. 22-35
1985 "Zum Problem der Hurriter,"
MARI 4 pp. 595-613

Back to top

Kelly-Buccellati, Marilyn
1990 "Trade in Metals in the Third Millennium: Northeastern Syria and Eastern Anatolia,"
in Resurrecting the Past: A Joint Tribute to Adnan Bounni
ed by P. Matthiae, M. Van Loon, and H. Weiss.
Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut, pp. 117-130
See full text
1990 "Three Seasons of Excavation at Tell Mozan,"
in S. Eichler, M. Wäfler, D. Warburton
Tall al-Hamidiya 2,
Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis: Series Archaeologica 6, Göttingen, 119-132
1990 "A New Third Millennium Sculpture from Mozan,"
in A. Leonard and B. Williams, eds.
Essays in Ancient Civilization Presented to Helene J. Kantor
SAOC 47, Chicago, 149-54, Pl. 26
See full text
1996 "Nuzi Viewed from Urkesh, Urkesh Viewed from Nuzi: Stock Elements and Framing Devices in Northern Syro-Mesopotamia,"
Studies on the Civilization and Culture of Nuzi and the Hurrians 8, 247-268
See full text
1998 "The Workshops of Urkesh,"
in Urkesh and the Hurrians(cited), 35-50
See full text
2002 "Ein hurritischer Gang in die Unterwelt,"
Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 134, 131-148
See full text
2004 "Ein hurritischer Gang in die Unterwelt,"
A View from the Highlands
See full text
2005 "Urkesh and the North: Recent Discoveries"
Studies on the Civilization and Culture of the Nuzi and the Hurrians 15, General Studies and Excavations at Nuzi 11/1, pp. 3-28
See full text
in press "Andirons at Urkesh,"
A. Sagona (ed.), still untitled volume (submitted 2003)
in press "Gilgamesh at Urkesh: Figurative Representations and Literary Motifs,"
Y. Montchambert et al. (eds.), still untitled volume (submitted 2003)
in prepar. The Glyptics of the Service Wing AK of the Royal Palace
to appear in Urkesh Typological Record
Back to top


Kessler, K.
1980 Untersuchungen zur historischen Topographie Nortmesopotamiens
Wiesbaden.


Kupper, Jean-Robert
1998 Lettres royales du temps de Zimri-Lim
Archives Royales de Mari 28.
Paris: Éditions Recherches sur les Civilisations.

See abstract

Back to top

Lawler, Andrew and Ken Garrett
2008 "Who Were the Hurrians? New Discoveries in Syria suggest a little-known people fueled the rise of civilization."
Archaeology 2008, pp. 46-50.

Back to top

Mallowan, Max E. L.
1937 The Excavations at Tall Chagar Bazar and an Archaeological Survey of the Khabur Region, Second Campaign, 1936,"
Iraq 4
1947 "Excavations at Brak and Chagar Bazar,"
Iraq 9, pp. 1-259
1971 "Early Dynastic Period in Mesopotamia,"
CAH 1/2, pp. 238-314
1977 Mallowan’s Memoirs
New York

Back to top

Mellink, M.
1972-75 "Hurriter Kunst,"
RLA 4, 514-19

Back to top


Michalowski, P.
2003 "An Early Dynastic Tablet of ED Lu A from Tell Brak (Nagar),"
CDLJ, 2003_003
6 pages.
See abstract

Back to top


Milano, Lucio, Mario Liverani et al.
1972-75 Mozan 2. The Epigraphic Finds of the Sixth Season
Syro-Mesopotamian Studies 5/1, Malibu
See summary
See full text

Back to top

Milano, Lucio, Walther Sallaberger, Philippe Talon & Karel Van Lerberghe
2004 Third Millennium Cuneiform Texts from Tell Beydar (Seasons 1996-2002)
Subartu 12
Turnout: Brepols

Back to top


Moortgat Anton and Ursula Moortgat-Correns
1976 Tell Chuēra in Nordost-Syrien
Vorläufiger Bericht über die Siebente Grabunskampagne 1974

Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag

1978 Tell Chuēra in Nordost-Syrien
Vorläufiger Bericht über die Achte Grabunskampagne 1976

Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag

Back to top

Nougayrol, J.
1960 "Documents du Habur,"
Syria 37, 3/4, 205-214

Back to top

Otten, H.
1950 Mythen vom Gotte Kumarbi
Berlin

Back to top

Parayre, D.
1977 "L’Attribution de Sculptures aux Hurrites,"
in Barrelet 1974, pp. 115-208

Back to top

Parrot, A.
1948 "Depot Hurrite de Foundation,"
Musees de France (May), pp. 85-86
1954 "Acquisitions et inedits du Musee de Louvre,"
Syria 31, 1/2, pp. 1-13

Back to top

Parrot, A., and J. Nougayrol
1948 "Un Document de Foundation Hurrite,"
RA 42, 1/2, pp. 1-20

Back to top

Pfälzner, Peter
see Dohmann-Pfälzner, Heike

Postgate, J. Nicholas
2007 Languages of Iraq, Ancient and Modern
Cambridge: British School of Archaeology in Iraq, pp. i-x, 1-188

Back to top
Robinson, Spencer M..
2006 "Following a False Trail – The Search for the Hittites,"
in al-Rafidan. Journal of Western Asiatic Studies, 27, pp. 101-116

Back to top

Sallaberger, Walther
2004 "Women at Beydar"
in Subartu 12

     The data from the Beydar tablets about the "female servant/slave" of a woman called Uqnitum are summarized on p.46. On p.48 the following comment is made: "The charming name Uqnītum 'the lapislazuli one' has become famous, as a queen from Urkesh bore this name (written ZA.GìN-ni-tum, Buccellati/Kelly-Buccellati 1995-96, 16, also on the reading), which seemed to be otherwise unattested in the onomoasticon of the IIIrd millennium (Catagnoti 1998, 59). The name is still known in the late IIIrd millennium (Ur III Nippur BBVO 11, 275, 6 NT 199 ii 11 ZA.GìN-tum) and later in the Old Babylonian period. At Beydar, the characteristic Early Dynastic writing of za.gìn as KUR.ZA is used." – [gB]

Back to top


Salvini, Mirjo
2000 "La civiltà dei Hurriti, popolo dell’Asia anteriore antica.
Introduzione alla storia degli studi e alla documentazione testuale,"

La civiltà dei Hurriti.
La Parola del Passato 55, pp. 7-24.

"Le più antiche testimonianze dei Hurriti prima della formazione del regno di Mittanni,"
La civiltà dei Hurriti.
La Parola del Passato 55, pp. 25-67
See abstract

Back to top


Smogorzewska, Anna
2010 "Andirons from Tell Arbid. Archaeological and Ethnoarchaeological Study,"
Centre d'archéologie mediterranéenne de l'Academie Polonaise des Sciences. Études et Travaux, 22, pp. 141-155.

     Describes some horseshoe-shaped hearths and props. Two complete andirons are found in an ED III/Akkadian context (p. 143), one of them with three pierced knobs on the inside. Another from the Late Ninevite 5 priod was found in a room with evidence of "post-consupmptino bone remains and drinking vessels with pointed basesd" which "look like debris left behind afetr a social gathering, durign which the hearth and its embers may have been used for toasting or grilling meat. ... Some bones found in this room belonged to pigs – they included the skeleton of a very young piglet." (p.147) While references to either the Urkesh andirons (Kelly-Buccellati 2004 and 2005) or the use of piglets in the abi (Kelly-Buccellati 2002) are missing, the opinion of the excavators of a similar andiron in Beidar is quoted, according to which the andirons would reveal an influence of the Early Transcaucasian culture. The author does not accept this view, on the basis that andirons are not unique to these two cultures. [However, the comparison is valid because of the similarities in the decorative patterns pointed out by Kelly-Buccellati 2003.] – [gB September 2010]

Back to top

Sollberger, E. and J.-R. Kupper
1971 Inscriptions royales sumeriennes et akkadiennes
Paris

Back to top

Speiser, E. A.
1930 Mesopotamian Origins. The Basic Population of the Near East
Philadelphia
1953 "The Hurrian Participation in the Civilization of Mesopotamia, Syria and Palestine,"
CHM 1, 2, pp. 311-327
reprinted in J. J. Finkelstein and M. Greenberg, Oriental and Biblical Studies: Collected Writings of E. A. Speiser
Philadelphia 1967, pp. 244-269

Back to top

Stein, Diana L.

2001 "Nuzi Glyptic: The Eastern Connection"
in W. W. Hallo and I. J. Winter (eds.), Seals and Seal Impressions. Proceedings of the XLVe Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale
Part II: Yale University. Bethesda (MD.): CDL, pp. 149-183
See abstract

Back to top
Thureau-Dangin, F.
1912 "Tablette de Samarra,"
RA 11, pp. 1-14

Back to top
Twair, Pat and Samir Twair
1997 "The Kingdom of the Lion."
Aramco World 48, Issue 3.
See full text
See on-line version


Van Ginneken, Paul
2000 "De Hurrieten van Tell Mozan,"
Spiegel Historiael 6, Issue 35, pp. 262-269
See full text


Van Liere, W. J. and J. Lauffray
1954-55 "Nouvelle prospection archeologique dans la haute Jezireh Syrienne,"
AAS 4-5, pp. 129-148

Back to top

Von Dassow, Eva
State and Society in the Late Bronze Age.
Alalah under the Mittani Empire

SCCNH vol. 17
Bethesda (MD): CDL Press.
     This comprehensive and insightful study on the period that corresponds to the final phase of occupation at Urkesh includes an important section on the question of ethnicity (pp. 68-90), with special reference to the "Hurrians and Hurrianization." She refers to Urkesh (p.71) as the source of the earliest evidence for this question. She also refers briefly (p. 119) to "Terru'a failure to impose his sovereignty on the town of Urkeš." – [gB]

Back to top

Wegner, I.
1981 Gestalt und Kult der Istar-Sawuska in Kleinasien
AOAT 36, Neukirchen

Back to top


Weiss, Harvey
2001 "Beyond the Younger Dryas. Collapse as Adaptation to Abrupt Climate Change in Ancient West Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean."
Confronting Natural Disaster: Engaging the Past to Understand the Future, G. Bawden and R. Reycraft, editors, pp. 75-98. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
See abstract

Back to top

Whiting, R.
1976 "Tis-atal of Nineveh and Babati, Uncle of Su-Sin,"
JCS 28, pp. 173-82
Back to top

Wilhelm, G.
1982 Grundzüge der Geschichte und Kultur der Hurriter
Darmstadt
2001 "Hurritisch naipti 'Weidung', 'Weide' oder eine bestimmte Art von Weide,"
in Thomas Richter, Doris Prechel, Jörg Klinger (eds.), Kulturgeschichten. Altorientalische Studien für Volkert Haas zum 65. Geburtstag, Saarbrücken: Saarbrücker Druckerei und Verlag, pp. 449-453.
     The Hurrian root na(w/v)- is likely to be the one from which Nawar is derived, the term used for the hinterland of Urkesh in the inscription of Atal-shen, the identification as Nagar being unlikely. The geographical name would then mean "Weideland" (pasture grounds), with an iterative suffix -ar-. (p. 449). – [gB]
2008 "Hurrians in the Kültepe Texts"
in Dercksen 2008 Anatolia and the Jazira, pp. 181-194
     Referring to the Urkesh evidence that supports an early presence of the Hurrians in the northern Jazira, Wilhelm says that it "coincides well with this writer's argument that Hurrian anthroponymy points at a long "Sprachbund" situation between Hurrian and ancient Semitic languages, because Hurrian shares a certain type of sentence names with Akkadian, Amorite and Canaanite" (p.181). – gB]

Back to top