1: G. Buccellati, March 2004

Other useful links


     One will find here a list of websites, sorted topically, with a brief evaluation. Since the world wide web scene is changing rapidly and constantly, we can certainly not claim that we maintain a thorough and exhaustive coverage of the field. Nor can we provide thoughtful rankings according to established and objective categories, though the section on Evaluation provides some guidelines in this direction and some of our choices for certain categories.
     We are grateful to Rick Hauser for calling our attention to some of the links listed here
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Links to Links

      A guide to the rapidly increasing, and widely distributed data relevant to the study and public presentation of the Ancient Near East via the Internet. This is the premier list for the Ancient Near East as a whole, but so complete that it may be difficult for a beginner to select relevant items. It is now housed within the Etana project.

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Ancient Near East
     An elegant site, devoted to “exploring and resourcing the Ancient Near East”, with some useful categories not found on other sites, such as events, academic centers, exhibitions.

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Hittite Home Page
      A guide to Hittite civilization – later than Urkesh and further to the north, but very important for the transmission of Hurrian culture.

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Internet Ancient History Sourcebook
     A comprehensive bibliography by Paul Halsall, Department of History, Fordham.

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Okeanos. Ancient Near Eastern Studies
     A directory that includes a variety of resources including practical information about books, jobs, etc., maintained by Scott B. Noegel of the University of Oregon.

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Introductory websites

     A French outfit that organizes trips and conferences, and posts online (in French, under the entry “Biliothèque”) the text of high quality, thoughtful papers delivered by some of the most prominent French scholars, on a variety of topics including archaeology and the ancient Near East.

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The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium
     A bird's eye view of basic sites and events in the ancient Near East.

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The Metropolitan Museum of Art
     Fifty masterpieces of ancient Near Eastern art from the collections of the Museum, with a brief general introduction, a useful timeline and beautiful images and descriptive notes for each item.
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Major overall websites for the Ancient Near East

ETANA – Electronic Tools and Ancient Near Eastern Archives
     A consortium of institutions that aims to combine philology and archaeology, with a substantial re-issue in electronic format of pre-1925 “core texts” in our field. It now houses the ABZU project as well.

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The National Geographic
     The premier organization for the dissemination of technical knowledge at levels that are both authoritative and widely accessible. A portion of its website is specifically devoted to archaeology, with various case studies.

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Syria – Land of Civilizations
     A brief overview of a rich Exhibit that travelled in Europe, Canada and the US between 2000 and 2003.

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Treasures from the Royal Tombs of Ur
     Websites describing a recent exhibit at the following Museums:
McLung Museum, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville
The Oriental Institute, The University of Chicago
The University Museum, The University of Pennsylvania: Conservation

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The University of Pennsylvania Museum
     A rich website for one of the major collections of Mesopotamian materials in the world.

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Archaeological Sites

     A nice visual presentation, with authoritative sections and some scholarly information

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     A beautifully crafted website – about one of the most beautiful archaeological sites of the ancient world.

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AATA. Art and Archaeology Technical Abstracts
     Abstracts of technical articles with a special section devoted to archaeology.

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Conservation. The Getty Institute Conservation Newsletter
     The online version of a premier newsletter in the field. Listed below are the issues that deal more specifically with archaeology.
1997 12/2 Preservation of Archaeological Sites
2001 16/1 Hearthen Architecture

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ICCROM. International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property
     Established in 1956 within the framework of UNESCO, and based in Rome (hence the abbreviation for "International Center for Conservation" in "Rome") this is a vast organization with a wide range of activities.

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Roland de Mecquenem Archives de Susa
     A well integrated publicatino of the original records of a classical excavation, this is a philological model of the effort to recover and make available the richness of primary documentation.

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Texts and Language

CDLI – The Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative
     The premier Assyriological website, this is a pace-setting project for the encoding of cuneiform texts of the third millennium, with a host of important spin-offs.

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The Cuneiform Inscriptions of the University of Minnesota
     A nicely presented publication of a collection of 19 tablets, mostly from the Ur III period, maintained by Eva von Dassow.

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The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature
     Sumerian literary texts in transliteration and translation, with bibliography, maintained by the University of Oxford.

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History of the field

Anthropology Biography Web
     Snapshot biographies of major figures in anthropology and archaeology.

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The Gertrude Bell Archive
     An exemplary archival presentation, that includes photos, diaries, and letters of Gertrude Bell, who travelled extensively in the Near East at the turn of the twentieth century, and had great influence on the political and cultural life of Iraq, where she was instrumental in founding the Iraq Museum.

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Evaluating Web Resources
     A useful set of criteria, dating to 1999, by Jan Alexander and Marsha Ann Tate. Of particular interest is the section on Informational Web Pages.

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W3C – World Wide Web Consortium
     An early style sheet for websites by Tim Berners-Lee, who introduced HTML and founded the World Wide Web Consortium.

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Our choices for...
     Aesthetic qualities
     Straightforward archival qualities
          The Gertrude Bell Archive

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The University of Pennsylvania Museum:
Education Services and Resources
     An exemplary portion of a major archaeological website, with such featurs as the option to “write like a Babylonian”...

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Ancient Civilizations
     A “Cybermuseum” with a section on Mesopotamia that includes a game situated in the ancient Sumerian city of Lagash (accessible for a fee).

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