8
Special Rosters

June 2010 - G. Buccellati
June 2010 - M. Kelly-Buccellati
June 2010 - C.K. Kimbrough
June 2010 - R. Hauser
June 2010 - M. Stancavage
June 2010 - L. Ramos
[August 2022 - M. De Pietri]
A Digital Monograph
The home for this page is GRAMMAR

8.1 Introductory
8.2 Ceramic analysis (Zca) – by M. Kelly-Buccellati
8.3 Ceramic paste analysis (Zcp?) – by M. Kelly-Buccellati
8.4 Seal impressions (Zsi) – by M. Kelly-Buccellati
8.5 A glyptic impressions on sealings (Zai) – by C.K. Kimbrough
8.6 Figurines (Zfg) – by R. Hauser
8.7 Beads (Zbd) – by M. Stancavage
8.8 Physical Anthropology (Zpa) – by L. Ramos


8.1 Introductory

As mentioned above in 13.2, special rosters supplement the Main Roster for types of analysis, especially typology, which go beyond its limits and purposes. The structure of these rosters is quite analogous in each case.

Special roster codes are identified by a 3 character prefix, of which the first is Z (identifying the entry as belonging to a special roster) and then two characters that identify the particular special roster in question.

The version code is in the same format as for the Main Roster

 

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8.2 Ceramic analysis (Zca) by M. Kelly- Buccellati

The chart below outlines the structure of the system, and is followed by detailed codes pertaining to individual roster slots.

 

 

 

 

 

attributes

type

ware
family

matrix

paste

porosity

firing

hardness

fracture

color inside

color outside

inclusions

temper

color range

 

 

 

 

 

manufacturing

forming techniques

exterior treatment

interior treatment

 

 

 

 

measurements

max wall thickness

maximum height

maximum width

weigh

volume

capacity

 

shape
family

proportions

closed
h>w (jar)

intermediate h=w (pot)

open h<w (bowl)

 

 

 

 

dimensions

height range

width range

base range

 

 

 

 

profile

rim

neck

shoulder

base

 

 

 

appendages

handles

spouts

 

 

 

 

 

decoration

aspect

painted

incised

excised

applied

 

 

 

location

inside

outside

 

 

 

 

 

function

generic

access

scooping

pouring

 

 

 

 

 

portability

2 hands

1 hand

fingers

fixed

 

 

 

specific

containment

oil

perfume

fruit

grain

 

 

 

production

salt

cheese

 

 

 

 

 

use

cooking

incense burning

 

 

 

 

 

term example definition

type bevelled rim bowl a distinctive clustering of attributes, drawn from ware, shape and function

subtype conical cup 1 alternatives within type (e.g., same shape, alternative wares)

ware family chaff tempered a grouping of wares

shape family miniature vessel a grouping of shapes

ware fine chaff tempered clustering of attributes pertaining to physical composition, manufacturing techniques, maximal measurements predicated of any given sherd

shape double rim necked jar clustering of attributes pertaining to proportions, profile, dimensions and appendages predicated only of diagnostic sherds and complete vessels

function oil jar clustering of attributes pertaining to perception (generic function depending on how content is accessed or vessel is carried) and to use (specific function depending on what the vessel contains or serves to produce) predicated only of complete (including reconstructible) vessels

 

ZcaA details of assignment

ZcaA1 typological horizon This differs from the stratigraphic horizon (I5 of Main Roster), in that it identifies a vessel or sherd on the basis of its typological characteristics, regardless of its emplacement. Thus a painted Khabur sherd would be assigned to the K horizon even if it is found in a later context.

ZcaA10 ceramic vessels and sherds within feature (under feature)

 

ZcaC details of color

ZcaC1 color, interior (name)

ZcaC2 color, interior (Munsell number)

ZcaC3 color, exterior (name)

ZcaC4 color, exterior (Munsell number)

ZcaC5 color, temper (name)

ZcaC6 color, temper (Munsell number)

ZcaC7 painted color background A (i.e. body?)

ZcaC8 painted color background B

ZcaC9 painted color foreground A (i.e., decoration?)

ZcaC10 painted color foreground B

 

ZcaD details of decoration

ZcaD1 technique

ZcaD2 type

 

ZcaF details of function

ZcaF1 primary function

 

ZcaM details of measurements

ZcaM1 percentage of rim This category defines how large a sherd is vis--vis the total circumference of the vessel rim.

ZcaS details of shape

Note. When a basic shape can be recognized, then it is qualified by the three additional roster categories of family/sub-family/type, e.g., a bowl may be deep (family), sharply carinated (sub-family), type as identified by a standardized drawing (7). Rim, base or handle are generally identified without reference to the preceding categories, although in principle that is possible.

 

ZcaS1 family

ZcaS2 sub-family

ZcaS3 type

ZcaS4 rim/base/handle

ZcaS9 forming technique

 

ZcaW details of ware

ZcaW0 main ware

ZcaW1 main temper

ZcaW2 other temper

ZcaW3 surface treatment, exterior

ZcaW4 surface treatment, interior

ZcaW5 type of inclusions

ZcaW6 frequency of inclusions

ZcaW7 firing

ZcaW8 fracture

ZcaW9 detail of ware (subfamily)

 

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8.3 Ceramic paste analysis (Zcp?)

 

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8.4 Seal impressions (Zsi) by M. Kelly-Buccellati

Glyptics? Or seal impressions referring to either modern or ancient? What about description of seals stones?

z at the end of any entry refers to a detail of photo or drawing

(e.g., Zsi611z W17z0102)

this entry is derived automatically from directory entry W17z0102 A16.108~611 and placed under A16.108

 

Zsi0 UNIVERSAL CODES

 

Zsi1 DOCUMENTATION

Zsi1ex Excavation Data

Zsi1mu Museum or Library Number

Zsi1pl Present Location

Zsi1pu Publication

 

Zsi2 EXTERNAL CHARACTERISTICS

Zsi2dg Date: General

Zsi2dr Date: Reign

Zsi2ob Type of Object on Which Impression is Found

Zsi2pc Present Condition

Zsi2pr Provenience

 

Zsi3 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SEAL STONES

Zsi3ma Material

Zsi3se Secondary Features

Zsi3si Size of Cylinder Seal

 

Zsi4 INSCRIPTION

Zsi4ap Absent/Present

Zsi4cm City Mentioned in Inscription

Zsi4co Condition of Inscription

Zsi4ho How Inscription is Written

Zsi4la Language of Text

Zsi41o Location of Inscription

Zsi4lp Language of Person's

Zsi4na Names

Zsi4ti Title

 

Zsi5 THEME AND OVERALL COMPOSITION

Zsi5ba Background

Zsi5ge General Composition of Entire Seal

Zsi5gr Groundline

Zsi5nu Number of Compositions on Entire Seal

Zsi5th Theme of Each Composition

Zsi6 MAJOR COMPOSITIONAL ELEMENTS

Zsi6a0 Description

Zsi6a2 Identification of Figures: gender

Zsi6aa Identification of Figures: Animal

Zsi6ad Identification of Figures: Deity

Zsi6ah Identification of Figures: Human

Zsi6am Identification of Figures: Composite and Mythological

Zsi6as Identification of Figures: Standard

Zsi6at Identification of Figures: Tree & Plants

Zsi6av Identification of Figures: Various

Zsi6di Distinctive Physical Characteristics

Zsi6dr Dress

Zsi6he Head Covering

Zsi6je Jewelry

Zsi6pa Posture of Figure: General

Zsi6pb Posture of Figure: View Shown: Body

Zsi6ph Posture of Figure: View Shown: Head

Zsi6pl Posture of Figure: Left Arm

Zsi6pr Posture of Figure: Right Arm

Zsi6ro Role of Figure in Composition

 

 

Zsi7 MINOR COMPOSITIONAL ELEMENTS: ATTRIBUTES

Zsi7a0 Description

Zsi7a& Staffs and Clubs

Zsi7aa Animal

Zsi7ac Composite and Mythological Beings

Zsi7af Furniture

Zsi7ah Human

Zsi7an Natural Elements

Zsi7at Tools and Weapons

Zsi7av Objects and Other Elements

Zsi71a Location of Attributes

Zsi7po Posture of Animal Attributes

 

Zsi8 MINOR COMPOSITIONAL ELEMENTS: FILLER MOTIFS

Zsi8a0 Description

Zsi8lc Location: In Composition

Zsi81f Location: Horizontal

Zsi8lv Location: Vertical

 

Zsi9 SECONDARY MOTIFS

Zsi9de Description

Zsi91v Location

 

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8.5 Aglyptic impressions on sealings (Zai)
by C. K. Kimbrough

This roster has been established by Christine K. Kimbrough, and the definitions given below are hers. This roster deals with the impression of cordage and textile, as found primarily on sealings. To facilitate the

 

ZaiK1 sp spin The direction in which the thread or cord was originally spun. The primary importance of determining this variable is to facilitate the evaluation of the uniformity of spinning technology and practice. There are some who have argued that it also determines to some extent the handed‑ness of the spinner but this is inconclusive. When the direction of spin is determined from an impression on clay (or any plastic substance), you have to remember that you are viewing the negative and thus the direction of spin is the opposite of what it appears.

 

ZaiK2 an angle -- The angle of twist indicates the tightness of the spin of a thread or cord. Tightness of spin can be illuminate details of spinning technology such as the range of weights or diameters of spindle whorls that were used and again the uniformity of spinning technology and practice. Angle of twist is measured by drawing a line across the thread from the lower point where the twist of the fiber intersects the edge of the thread or cord. Then, the angle is measured from this line to where the twist intersects the other edge. Of course, no angle of twist should exceed 90 degrees. 90 degrees would indicate no twist, and in fact, approximately 80 to 90 degrees may indicate the natural twist of the fiber. Generally, 0 to 30 degrees of twist is considered tight, 30 to 60 degrees medium, and 60 to 90 degrees loose.

ZaiK3 t1 thread1 This is the number of threads per centimeter in one direction in a cloth impression. Since identifying warp or weft in small impressions is most often impossible, no attempt is made to designate such terms to one set of threads in an impression. Threads are simply counted in one direction, usually the direction in which the impression is widest (unless otherwise noted), and the the other (variable thread2). This measurement provides a basis for comparing impressions both within the Mozan corpus and with textile impressions from other archaeological sites. The number of threads per centimeter indicates the fineness of the cloth. Differences between thread1 and thread2 indicate to some extent the type of weave.

 

ZaiK4 t2 thread2 The number of threads in the second (smaller width) direction of a cloth impression.

 

ZaiK5 tw twists The number of twists visible in the length of a cord impression. The measurement is noted not because it reveals any technical aspect of weaving, but simply so that others have an idea of the nature of the evidence for any one cord impression.

 

ZaiK6 wv weave This variable describes the type of weave of a cloth or basket impression in the terms used most widely in the archaeological and textile literature. For definitions of these terms and illustrations see Emery 1981, Broudy ??, and Barber 1991. The terms allow for the comparison of the textiles in this corpus with each other and with impressions from other sites. They also provide a basis for analyzing technical aspects of weaving at Mozan and placing the textiles and basketry impressions from Mozan in a larger historical and technological context.

 

ZaiA7 hd hole diameter This variable is the diameter of a hole in a spindle whorl or wheel. This measurement is one parameter for determining whether or not an object could have used as a spindle (the hole must be wide enough to accommodate a spindle). Hole diameter is one of the variables used by Liu (1978) to differentiate between spindle whorls and beads. In addition, other studies of spindle whorls make use of this measurement which means that it provides another variable for comparing spindle whorls from Mozan with those from other archaeological sites.

 

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8.6 Figurines (Zfg) by R. Hauser

 

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8.7 Beads (Zbd) by M. Stancavage

 

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8.8 Physical anthropology (Zpa) by L. Ramos

 

Zpa1 IDENTIFICATION

 

Zpa1df definition

Zpa1mi Minimum number of individuals

Zpa2mn notes on minimum number of individuals

Zpa1st curation status

Zpa1nb = other label

 

Zpa2 SKELETAL ANALYSIS

 

Zpa2bs Biological sex

Zpa2ds Data on sex determination

Zpa2sm method of estimating sex

Zpa2ba Biological age

Zpa2da Data on biological age

Zpa2ma Methods used for biological age determination

Zpa2es Estimated Stature

Zpa2ms Method used for stuture

 

Zpa3 TRAUMA

Zpa3tt Trauma type

Zpa3tl Trauma location

Zpa3td Trama description

 

Zpa4 PATHOLOGY

Zpa4pt Pathology type

Zpa4pl pathology location

Zpa4pd Pathology description

Zpa4pn Notes on Pathology

 

Zpa5 MUSCULAR-SKELETAL MARKERS AND STRESS

Zpa5sl Stress location

Zpa5sm Muscle stressed

Zpa5ma Muscle activity

Zpa5sn Notes on MSM stress

 

 

Zpa6 INVENTORY

 

Zpa6fr Frontal

Zpa6pa Parietal

Zpa6oc Occipital

Zpa6te Temporal

Zpa6sp Sphenoid

Zpa6zy Zygomatic

Zpa6mx Maxilla

Zpa6pa Palatine

Zpa6mn Mandible

Zpa6na Nasal

Zpa6la Lacrimal

Zpa6co Concha

Zpa6hy Hyoid

Zpa6et Ethmoid

Zpa6vo Vomer

Zpa6sc Scapula

Zpa6cl Clavicle

Zpa6hu Humerus

Zpa6ra Radius

Zpa6ul Ulna

Zpa6is Ischium

Zpa6pu Pubis

Zpa6fe Femur

Zpa6pt Patella

Zpa6ti Tibia

Zpa6fi Fibula

Zpa6ri Ribs

Zpa6ta Talus

Zpa6cs Calcaneus

Zpa6cu Cuboid

Zpa6nv Navicular

Zpa6ca Cuneiform 1

Zpa6cb Cuneiform 2

Zpa6cc Cuneiform 3

Zpa6ma Metatarsal 1

Zpa6mb Metatarsal 2

Zpa6mc Metatarsal 3

Zpa6md Metatarsal 4

Zpa6me Metatarsal 5

Zpa6ph phalanges

Zpa6sc Scaphoid

Zpa6lu Lunate

Zpa6tr Triquetrum

Zpa6pi Pisiform

Zpa6tz Trapezium

Zpa6cp Capitate

Zpa6ha Hamate

Zpa6mf Metacarpel 1

Zpa6mg Metacarpel 2

Zpa6mh Metacarpel 3

Zpa6mi Metacarpel 4

Zpa6mj Metacarpel 5

Zpa6cv Cervical vertebrae

Zpa6tv Thoracic vertebrae

Zpa6lv Lumbar vertebrae

Zpa6sv Sacrum

Zpa6mm manubrium

Zpa6st Sternum

 

Zpa7 PRESERVATION

 

Zpa7sc Condition of skeleton

Zpa7tc Condition of teeth

Zpa7pr Convervation notes

 

Zpa8 BURIAL CONTEXT

 

Zpa8bt burial type

Zpa8go grave orientation

Zpa8bp body position

Zpa8bo body orientation

Zpa8so Skull orientation

Zpa8bf body facing

Zpa8sf skull facing

Zpa8if items found with body

Zpa8tp time period

Zpa8ph phase

Zpa8nb notes on burial context

 

Zpa9 MEASUREMENTS

 

Zpa9mu Max length ulna

Zpa9mr Max length radius

Zpa9mt Max length Tibia

Zpa9mf Max lenght Femur

Zpa9bf Bicondylar lenght Femur

Zpa9mb Max lenght fibula

Zpa9rm max mandibular ramus (ant-post)

Zpa9mc mandibular condyle

Zpa9fh max diameter femoral head

Zpa9za max length of zygomatic

 

Zpa10 REFERENCE

 

Zpa10pl photos from lab

Zpa10pe photos from excavation

Zpa10bd drawing

 

8.7 Wall conservation (Zcw) by G. Buccellati, B. Landini and M. Lorenzon