Urkesh Ceramic Analysis
Ceramics; Categorization; Roster

Ceramic Roster

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The “Special Ceramics Roster” is nested within a system of “Special Rosters” for specific categories of material found on the excavation (see Grammar, under Volume 1, The System, Chapter 1.8, “Special Rosters“).The ceramics roster includes all categories of ceramic analysis used over the years in the Urkesh/Tell Mozan excavations.
As always, with the increasingly more detailed knowledge of the ceramics the system changed. For instance in the early years we did not measure the percentage of the particular rim preserved. Also the details of the wares and their inclusions as they varied through time was accumulated only gradually with the excavation of the time periods present at the site. This can especially be seen in the description of the Middle Assyrian wares and shapes of which we have found stratified evidence only in the 2009 and 2010 field seasons. Since this Middle Assyrian ceramic evidence is minimal, we do not have as good a description for it as compared with the Mittani ceramics, with a much larger sample.
All sherds, are analyzed according to the characteristics listed here but, for the historical reasons noted above, not all have been fully analyzed by all the categories listed even if they did exhibit those characteristics.
Most of the sherds displayed in the drawings have the shape code noted; this occurs both in the Horizon Catalogs as well as in the ceramic drawings by context, that is the ceramic drawings by important features; this code is found at the top of the drawing. Many of the sherds drawn have also the ware noted, below the drawing, along with the context and sherd number, which are always present. While in the earlier years of the excavation not every sherd had a discrete number, the sherds in the present edition of the UGR all do have a separate number assigned to them (see History 1 and History 2).

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ZcaA details of Time Assignment
Cf. section of the "Main Roster": 3. STRATIGRAPHY/Time sequencing
ZcaA1 typological horizon – This differs from the stratigraphic horizon (I5 of "Main Roster" [see Grammar, under Volume 1, The System, Chapter 1.6, "Main Roster"]), in that it identifies a vessel or sherd on the basis of its typological characteristics, regardless of its emplacement. Thus a painted Khabur sherd would be assigned to the K horizon even if it is found in a later context.
ZcaA10ceramic vessels and sherds within feature (under feature)

ZcaW details of Ware
Cf. section of the "Main Roster": 4. TYPOLOGY/Morphology
ZcaW0 main ware
ZcaW1 main temper
ZcaW2 other temper
ZcaW3 surface treatment, exterior
ZcaW4 surface treatment, interior
ZcaW5 type of inclusions
ZcaW6 frequency of inclusions
ZcaW7 firing
ZcaW8 fracture
ZcaW9 detail of ware (subfamily)

ZcaS details of Shape
Cf. section of the "Main Roster": 4. TYPOLOGY/Morphology
NOTE: When a basic shape can be recognized, then it is qualified by the three additional roster categories of family/sub-family/type, e.g., a bowl may be deep (family), sharply carinated (sub-family), type as identified by a standardized drawing (7). – Rim, base or handle are generally identified without reference to the preceding categories, although in principle that is possible.
ZcaS1 family
ZcaS2 sub-type
ZcaS3 type
ZcaS4 rim/base/handle
ZcaS9 forming technique

ZcaD details of Decoration
Cf. section of the "Main Roster": 4. TYPOLOGY/Morphology
ZcaD1 technique
ZcaD2 type

ZcaCdetails of Color
Cf. section of the "Main Roster": 4. TYPOLOGY/Morphology
ZcaC1 color, interior (name)
ZcaC2 color, interior (Munsell number)
ZcaC3 color, exterior (name)
ZcaC4 color, exterior (Munsell number)
ZcaC5 color, temper (name)
ZcaC6 color, temper (Munsell number)
ZcaC7 painted color background A (i.e. body?)
ZcaC8 painted color background B
ZcaC9 painted color foreground A (i.e., decoration?)
ZcaC10painted color foreground B

ZcaM details of Measurements
Cf. section of the "Main Roster": 4. TYPOLOGY/Measurements
ZcaM1 percentage of rim – This category defines how large a sherd is vis-à-vis the total circumference of the vessel rim.

ZcaF details of Function
Cf. section of the "Main Roster": 4. TYPOLOGY/Function
ZcaF1 primary function

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